A hysterectomy is major surgery to remove your uterus (womb). In a total hysterectomy, the cervix is also removed.
Your doctor may recommend a hysterectomy if symptoms, such as heavy bleeding, haven’t improved with other treatments.
Hysterectomy surgery may be:
- abdominal – your uterus is removed through a cut in your lower abdomen
- vaginal – your uterus is removed through your vagina
- laparoscopic – instruments are passed through small incisions on the abdomen.
You should discuss with your doctor the best type for you.
Why should I have a hysterectomy?
Your doctor may recommend a hysterectomy if you have:
- non-cancerous tumours in your uterus
- incontinence, pelvic pressure or difficulty with bowel movements
- irregular, heavy or very long periods
- chronic pelvic pain (after other possible causes have been ruled out).
- cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium or ovaries
Unless you have cancer, your doctor will probably recommend other treatments, such as medicines or other surgical procedures, first.
Depending on your medical problem, your doctor may recommend you also have your cervix, ovaries or fallopian tubes removed.
Recovering from a hysterectomy
A hysterectomy has risks such as heavy bleeding and infection that you should discuss with your doctor. You may experience effects from the anaesthetic.
You’ll be in hospital for at least a day or two, and perhaps up to seven days.
There’ll be vaginal bleeding and discharge for up to a few weeks after surgery.
Some women find a hysterectomy very difficult emotionally, worrying that they have lost something important about being a woman.
You won’t be able to lift heavy objects or do anything strenuous for at least a few weeks. Standing for long periods can also be tiring.
You should contact your doctor if pain worsens or if you develop nausea or vomiting, or bleeding that’s heavier than a menstrual period.